An American Editor

July 22, 2010

Who’s on First: eBooks, Hardcovers, Paperbacks?

The big news this week in eBookland was Amazon’s announcement that ebooks outsold hardcovers 1.8:1 in the last quarter. That set tongues awaggin’ and has prompted hundreds of articles, blog posts, and comments, now including this one. So that raises the question: Who’s on first?

One of the best comedy routines of all-time was Bud Abbott and Lou Costello’s “Who’s on First?” routine and Amazon’s announcement brought the routine to mind after many years of having been forgotten. For those of you unfamiliar with the routine, here it is:

Isn’t this really the story — and value — of Amazon’s announcement?

As many other commentators have noted, there is a lot of information missing from the announcement. Perhaps the most important missing tidbits are these:

  • Were fewer hardcovers sold or just more ebooks?
  • Why compare to hardcovers when the natural competitor to ebooks is paperbacks?
  • How did paperback sales compare?
  • Do the numbers represent unit sales or dollar volume?
  • What was the average hardcover price? Average ebook price?

And the list goes on of unanswered questions, a typical Amazon ploy.

Ultimately, the most important unanswered question is this: Are pbooks being forsaken for ebooks or are ebook sales complementary to pbook sales — that is, who’s on first?

This question is particularly important in light of other recent data disclosures by others in publishing that indicate that pbook sales increased in the last quarter. It is also important in trying to determine whether ebooks are bring new readers to the table or simply shifting existing readers from one format to another. And it is also important for discovering whether the actual pool of readers hasn’t changed but that members of the pool are buying more. All of this brings us back to where we were months ago: publishers need to understand who their customers are and know more about them (see A Modest Proposal IV: A Radical Notion — Learn About Your Readers).

Amazon’s announcement doesn’t surprise me because it reflects (somewhat) my own buying habits. In my personal book world, I buy more ebooks than hardcovers by a significant margin, but to compare my ebook purchases with my hardcover purchases is to compare apples with oranges. An unscientific survey of a few friends and colleagues who buy both pbooks and ebooks illustrates that their habits mirror my habits.

In my case, I buy 4 times as many ebooks as I do hardcovers and I probably read 2 to 3 times as many ebooks as hardcovers. But none of that is meaningful. The ebooks I buy are rarely more expensive than $2.99 and are always throwaway fiction — read it once and delete, sometimes read it never and delete, often read a few pages and delete in disgust. In contrast, the average cost of a hardcover is $25 and it is almost always nonfiction (there are a few fiction authors whose books I only buy in hardcover) that I intend to keep and add to my library for future rereading or research. It takes 9 ebooks to match what I spend on 1 hardcover.

The economic implications are significant for publishers and for authors, yet they are not well understood by anyone in the publishing industry, pundits aside. Just as publishers and authors are learning that there is a downside to the new 70-30 split given by Apple and Amazon, so there is a downside to pricing stratagems — largely because no one really understands the bookbuying consumer. For too long the emphasis has been on the middleperson rather than the end consumer, and ebooks are now forcing a change.

Until a rigorous analysis is performed on the book market and on bookbuying habits, the question — Who’s on first? — will remain unanswered. This question needs to be answered because the true answer will have significant ramifications for everyone involved in books, from the author through the publisher and bookseller all the way to the bookbuying consumer.

Although Abbott and Costello parodied baseball, it doesn’t take much turn that parody into one about publishing.



  1. […] reposted with permission from An American Editor […]


    Pingback by Who’s on First: eBooks, Hardcovers, Paperbacks? | The Digital Reader — July 22, 2010 @ 8:12 am | Reply

  2. […] this link: Who's on First: eBooks, Hardcovers, Paperbacks? « An American Editor Comments […]


    Pingback by Who's on First: eBooks, Hardcovers, Paperbacks? « An American Editor « Ebooks Extra — July 22, 2010 @ 9:44 am | Reply

  3. Addressing a couple of your questions:

    1: Amazon stated hardback sales rose, so it was that ebook sales rose much, much faster.
    2: Comparing to hardbacks is the current milestone, and publishers have complained that ebooks eat into hardcover sales. So, it looks good as a statistic and addresses things publishers have brought up themselves.
    3: I believe the industry ratio is 10:1 paperback to hardback sales. I’d expect Amazon’s ratios to be similar. It doesn’t make as good of a press release to say you sell 9 ebooks for every 50 paperbacks.
    4: My impression is the numbers are unit sales.
    5: Average prices? Anyone’s guess…


    Comment by Eric — July 22, 2010 @ 9:47 am | Reply

  4. FYI, today’s NYTimes has an article about literary agent Andrew Wylie starting his own publishing venture to produce e-book versions of some of his clients’ books. Not sure what to think!


    Comment by Ruth E. Thaler-Carter — July 22, 2010 @ 11:57 am | Reply

    • Saw the article and my immediate reaction isn’t reprintable. Not that he is publishing ebooks, but that he gave Amazon a 2-year exclusive deal, which cuts out most of the world.


      Comment by americaneditor — July 22, 2010 @ 1:57 pm | Reply

  5. […] The big excitement of the week was Amazon’s reported sales figures, which have been confirmed by Publisher’s Weekly. An American Editor asks some questions about those figures. […]


    Pingback by Stumbling Over Chaos :: What linkity through yonder window breaks? — July 23, 2010 @ 9:13 am | Reply

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